ANGADJAVA Dev Blog What is the difference between Python and Java for example?

What is the difference between Python and Java for example?

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Introduction: Python and Java are two popular programming languages with distinct features and characteristics. When it comes to coding, both languages have their strengths and weaknesses. In this blog post, we will compare Python and Java from a coding level perspective, examining their syntax, simplicity, and practical examples. By understanding these differences, you’ll be able to choose the language that best suits your programming needs. Let’s dive in!

  1. Syntax and Readability: Python is known for its simplicity and readability. Its syntax is concise and uses indentation to denote code blocks. This makes Python code easy to understand and write, especially for beginners. Let’s take a look at a simple “Hello, World!” program in Python:
print("Hello, World!")

On the other hand, Java has a more verbose syntax and uses curly braces and semicolons to define code blocks and terminate statements. Here’s the equivalent “Hello, World!” program in Java:

public class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Hello, World!");

As you can see, Java code requires more boilerplate compared to Python. While this can make Java code slightly more complex, it also provides a stricter structure that can be advantageous for larger projects.

  1. Typing System: Python is dynamically typed, meaning you don’t need to explicitly declare variable types. The type of a variable is determined at runtime. This flexibility allows for quick and iterative development but can lead to potential type-related errors. Here’s an example in Python:
age = 25
name = "Java"

In contrast, Java is statically typed, requiring explicit declaration of variable types. The type of a variable is checked during compilation, reducing the likelihood of type-related errors. Here’s the equivalent Java code:

int age = 25;
String name = "John";
  1. Object-Oriented Programming (OOP): Both Python and Java support OOP, but their approaches differ slightly. Python takes a more flexible approach to OOP, allowing for multiple inheritance and dynamic method dispatch. Here’s an example of a simple class in Python:
class Circle:
    def __init__(self, radius):
        self.radius = radius

    def calculate_area(self):
        return 3.14 * self.radius * self.radius

In Java, OOP is more rigid with single inheritance and static method dispatch. Here’s the equivalent Java code:

public class Circle {
    private double radius;

    public Circle(double radius) {
        this.radius = radius;

    public double calculateArea() {
        return 3.14 * radius * radius;
  1. Memory Management: Java utilizes automatic memory management through a process called garbage collection. The programmer does not need to explicitly allocate or deallocate memory. This helps prevent memory leaks and simplifies memory management. In Python, memory management is also automated, but it uses a different approach called reference counting, which handles memory deallocation based on the reference count of an object.

Conclusion: Python and Java differ in various aspects of coding. Python emphasizes simplicity, readability, and flexibility, making it suitable for rapid development and scripting. Java, with its stricter syntax and explicit typing, offers more robustness and scalability for larger projects. Ultimately, the choice between Python and Java depends on the specific requirements of your project and your personal coding preferences.

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